Tehran University Of Medical Sciences
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Evidence Based Medicine
In 300 BC or earlier, possibly with the birth of the first thinking creature and simultaneous with the initiation of the philosophy as a science, critical thinking was formed. With the foundation of philosophy, different beliefs and ideologies were also established, such as “whoever thinks exists” and “any thinking individual is capable of critical thinking”. Although the former belief is repeatedly tested throughout the history and its validity is proved, the latter statement is not thoroughly evaluated hitherto. This can be argued to be as a result of two different factors. Firstly, logical thinking is not inherited genetically, and secondly, experience is not enough for its achievement. According to a philosopher, “experience can be defined as the result of our repetitive mistakes over a period of time”. Therefore, “clear thinking” is a process which needs to be learned in different aspects of life. Critical thinking can be described as a mirror reflecting ...



Evidence Based Medicine
In 300 BC or earlier, possibly with the birth of the first thinking creature and simultaneous with the initiation of the philosophy as a science, critical thinking was formed. With the foundation of philosophy, different beliefs and ideologies were also established, such as “whoever thinks exists” and “any thinking individual is capable of critical thinking”. Although the former belief is repeatedly tested throughout the history and its validity is proved, the latter statement is not thoroughly evaluated hitherto. This can be argued to be as a result of two different factors. Firstly, logical thinking is not inherited genetically, and secondly, experience is not enough for its achievement. According to a philosopher, “experience can be defined as the result of our repetitive mistakes over a period of time”. Therefore, “clear thinking” is a process which needs to be learned in different aspects of life. Critical thinking can be described as a mirror reflecting ...